What is CBD?
CBD (short for Cannabidiol) is one of the most studied cannabinoids, second only to THC. Largely non-psychoactive, it provides numerous health benefits without THC’s intoxicating effects. CBD promotes restful sleep, supports normal cartilage and joint function, relieves occasional nausea, enhances relaxation, and more. We recommend consulting scientific publications, government resources, and your doctor for more information on CBD’s benefits.
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a recently discovered group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body. The endocannabinoid receptors that make up the ECS are located in our Central Nervous System (CNS), Peripheral Nervous System (PNS), and Immune System. Our CNS includes our brain and spinal cord, while the PNS acts as a communication network linking our CNS to the rest of our body.
Our brains contain the heaviest concentration of cannabinoid receptors, but there’s no shortage of them in our organs, tissues, glands, and more. The saturation of ECS receptors throughout our body is part of why CBD has so many uses and is so effective.
Cannabidiol, or CBD for short, naturally occurs within the tiny hairlike structures known as trichomes that grow on hemp and cannabis. The first cannabinoid molecule to be discovered in 1940, researchers have been studying CBD’s numerous health benefits ever since. CBD has been shown to promote healthy sleep, relieve occasional joint pain, speed athletic recovery, enhance relaxation, improve mood, reduce stress and frustration, alleviate occasional nausea, and support immune system health.
Cannabidiol exists in two states, CBD and CBD-a. Both are being studied to discover their individual effects on the body. CBD-a, which grows directly on hemp and cannabis, shows a great potential for different types of treatment. However, its effects haven’t been researched as extensively as CBD. When CBD-a is heated to 248°F, it loses its acid chain in a process called decarboxylation (also referred to as “activation”) and becomes CBD. All our products go through this process. CBD has been well studied and has a more pronounced effect than CBD-a due to more efficiently binding to the body’s Cannabidiol receptors.
An organic product, CBD is a safer, natural alternative to synthetic options with little to no side effects. In hemp’s multi-thousand-year history, there has never been a recorded fatality. While CBD has been shown to be non-toxic even at extreme doses, you should consult your doctor if you plan on taking more than 300mg in a 24 hour period.
Cannabinoids are organic molecules naturally produced by hemp and cannabis which activate two of the body’s central nervous system receptors: CB1 and CB2.* CB1 receptors are primarily located in the brain, while CB2 receptors are spread throughout the rest of the body. Because CBD does not activate the brain’s CB1 receptors, it is largely non-psychoactive.
Each of the 100+ known cannabinoids have unique receptor interactions, producing individual results. Research has also shown that cannabinoids’ benefits multiply when used together, producing what is called the “entourage effect.”
*More information on receptor activation and their effects on the body should be researched through reliable sources. We cannot provide health claims.
How much CBD should I take?
CBD is rapidly gaining attention as a wellness supplement, but there is still a lot of confusion surrounding it. We created this CBD serving guide in hopes of helping our customers understand how CBD can be beneficial, and to help our customers figure out where to begin with our CBD supplements. This article and all other information on our website is not intended to provide medical information and our products are not intended to cure or treat any disease. We strongly recommend consulting your doctor if you have any questions regarding CBD.
What Serving of CBD should I take?
A number of factors determine your ideal CBD serving. This can include your weight, metabolism, and genetics, among others. Because each individual’s endocannabinoid system is unique, some people may only require a small amount of CBD to receive their desired benefits, while others may require much higher serving to experience the same effects. If this is your first time trying CBD, we recommend starting with a small serving of only 10-25mg and increasing it later if desired. CBD can take time to work, so wait up to 2 hours before ingesting another serving. Some people may require up to 100-150mg per serving of CBD to get the desired effect.
Remember this rule of thumb: you can always take more, you can never take less.
What is Decarboxylation?
Decarboxylation is sometimes referred to as “activating” the chemical compounds found in hemp and cannabis.
Decarboxylation is a chemical reaction that happens during the extraction process when CBDA is heated to 248°F. Decarboxylation will happen above and below 248°F but without the same efficiency. When CBDA reaches 248°F the carboxyl group (COOH) breaks away and is replaced by a proton. This step is important, as the decarboxylation of CBDA to CBD is critical to ensuring that the CBD present in our products have the desired effects within the endocannabinoid system.
Is CBD Psychoactive?
CBD is largely non-psychoactive, meaning it has no intoxicating effects and will not get you high. This has to do with how CBD interaction with cannabinoid receptors located throughout the body.
Like all cannabinoids and endocannabinoids, CBD works within our endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is a part of the nervous system. The endocannabinoid system is comprised of cannabinoids that the body naturally produces, called endocannabinoids, and two primary cannabinoid receptors.
The first receptor, CB1, can primarily be found throughout the central nervous system (CNS). The other primary receptor, CB2, is primarily found throughout the peripheral nervous system (PNS), with smaller quantities found throughout the immune system, the gastrointestinal system, as well as the aforementioned central nervous system. 
Because CB1 receptors are located primarily in the brain, they are responsible for the intoxicating effects of cannabinoids, whereas CB2 receptors are responsible for many of cannabinoids’ other effects in the body.
Δ9-THC is psychoactive because it fully binds and activates the CB1 receptor. In addition, it fully binds and activates the CB2 receptor, leading to a number of other benefits that can be had from THC intake.
By comparison, CBD will bind to both the CB1 and CB2 receptors, but does not exhibit a strong binding affinity to them. In the case of the CB1 receptor, this leads to CBD providing some neurological benefits with no psychoactive effects.
What is the difference between Hemp Oil and CBD Extracts?
If you are trying CBD for the first time, you may not be sure what you should be searching for. There are numerous online stores selling hundreds of different CBD products. For the first time buyer, it can be a challenge to sort through all of the options. Large retailers like Amazon and Target sell “hemp oil,” but these products should not to be confused with CBD.
Hemp oil, or hemp seed oil, is extracted by pressing the seeds of the hemp plant. While hemp oil does possess a number of health-related benefits, hemp seeds do not contain any cannabinoids, so products labeled as “hemp oil” do not provide the reported benefits of CBD, or other cannabinoid-based products. The Hemp Industries Association makes the distinction between hemp oil and CBD extracts, stating, “CBD is not a product or component of hemp seeds and labeling to that effect is misleading and motivated by the desire to take advantage of the legal gray area of CBD under federal law. Hemp seed oil does not contain any significant quantity of CBD.”
Are there heavy metals and pesticides in CBD Products?
Hemp is a bioaccumulator, which means that it uptakes soil and air contents faster than it excretes them. This means that there is a potential for the CBD derived from hemp to retain environmental pollutants depending on where it is grown. This can create serious problems from products derived from China or other places where there are large levels of soil contamination or air pollution. China is currently the worlds largest hemp producer, and much of the CBD on the marketplace is produced overseas in places where there is less regulation regarding heavy metals. Even in the United States, there is potential for soil contamination on industrial lands, downstream of mines or other contaminated areas because hemp will accumulate toxins faster than other plants.
Hemp is hearty plant, so pesticide usage on hemp itself is generally rather minimal. The problem is that hemp, being such a new crop, is often planted on land that was recently used for other agricultural purposes. Those previous crops are very likely to have been to exposed to pesticides and the pesticides will stay in the soil for years. Hemp does an amazing job at removing and cleaning up the pesticides from the soil, but in this process will carry the pesticides into the plant and the finished product. Depending on where the hemp is grown, it may also be exposed to pesticides that are sprayed in the air. Since hemp is extracted and refined down, the pesticide levels reflected in finished products will generally be much higher than those found in other products grown in the same conditions.
Don’t hesitate to contact us with questions; we love talking with our community.
What are the benefits of CBD?
FDA DISCLOSURE: In accordance with federal regulation we cannot make health claims regarding our dietary supplements we can only recommend our products for general wellness. Our products are not intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any disease.
Do your products contain Hemp Oil or CBD Extract?
Our products all contain and are made with CBD extract. Our third party potency results show the exact CBD content present in each batch of our products. These can be found under our product’s potency results tab. We also test every batch of our hemp for heavy metals and pesticides. These can be found right next to the potency results tab on our product pages.
We do use hemp seed oil as an added ingredient in our tinctures, but the hemp seed oil itself does not contain CBD. Our CBD products are extracted from industrial hemp, which is grown to contain high concentrations of CBD. No hemp seeds are intentionally used during this process but may incidentally be extracted.
We process our CBD extract in-house using chilled kosher alcohol. Depending on the desired product, the hemp may then go through a series of purification steps, including vacuum distillation, carbon filtration, and crystallization, to extract CBD in high concentrations. Our high-CBD extract is then blended with a variety of carrier oils (hemp seed oil included) to produce capsules, tinctures, and other infused products available on our website.
Where should I buy CBD Oil?
Before you buy CBD products online, it’s worth comparing the options from a few different companies. What is their price per milligram of CBD content? Do they provide third party test results for all their products? What ingredients do they use? Where do they source their hemp? There are a number of online forums where customers can share success stories and offer product recommendations. While there is plenty of low quality CBD oil circulating, there are also a number of companies that follow good business practices and provide high quality, reliable CBD products. The more you know about where your CBD comes from, the more time and money you will save in the future!